Anabolic steroids are chemicals that accelerate the synthesis of protein within the cells of the body and lead to increased muscle growth. In bodybuilding and sports, steroids are used as doping, which increases muscle mass, accelerates recovery and increases endurance.
What are anabolic steroids?
Anabolic steroids – this is, so to speak, a synthetic version of the hormone testosterone. That is, in fact, it is the same hormone that is produced in our body, but it was only created by artificial means in special laboratories. However, still it is not a 100% copy of “our” testosterone and not just because it is synthetic. In general testosterone has two characteristic functions. One of which is androgenic, it is responsible for the fact that men differ from women, in other words, creates a division according to gender. And the second – anabolic, just the same and contributes to an increase in muscle volume. So, if steroids were completely identical to our natural hormones, then their reception would be accompanied by an enhanced androgenic effect, which in turn would contribute to early baldness and problems with the prostate.
The, you can say have improved their copy of natural hormones and endowed them with an enhanced anabolic function and a decreased function of androgenic. This is the main difference between synthetic testosterone and natural testosterone.
In general, initially, steroids were released as a medical device. First of all, they were needed by people aged to maintain their muscles as normal as possible for as long as possible. But due to unpleasant side effects, this method proved to be ineffective. Now anabolic steroids are still used in medicine and their main task is to speed up the process of patients recovery after serious operations. But we will not dwell on this process in detail, because we are much more interested in learning about the use of steroids in bodybuilding.
Effects of anabolic steroids on athletes
So, we all know how muscle growth takes place, if not, then in brief this process looks like this. A person trains with weights and gives muscles a completely different habit for them. From this, their structure is damaged and multiple micro-ruptures appear in the muscle fibers. After that, the body begins to heal them and restore them. At the end of this process, the places of ruptures become slightly larger and, accordingly, the whole muscle as a whole increases and becomes stronger.
In an ordinary person, the process of muscle repair and healing of micro-ruptures lasts from 48 to 72 hours. And if we consider that not all of us eat right and do not supply the body with the amount of protein necessary for muscle growth, this time can significantly increase.
Anabolic steroids significantly accelerate the recovery process. So the athlete, who is sitting on the farm, the muscles after training are restored in about a day. This gives him the opportunity to train more often, longer and more intensely, without fearing overtraining. In addition, with the application of pharmacology, the athlete gains much more muscle mass than allows him to his “genetic ceiling”.
If we talk in more detail about the effect of steroids on the body, we can identify several key steroid properties:
- Acceleration of protein synthesis, due to which, athletes can significantly increase the intensity of their training.
- Acceleration of muscle growth
- Increase in the growth rates of strength indicators
- Increase overall and strength endurance
- Change in metabolic processes. Athletes increase and accelerate the process of creatine formation in musules, glycogen accumulates in large volumes directly in the muscles, and fat burning processes pass much faster.
All this in combination increases the feedback from training several times and, as already mentioned above, allows you to train more often and more intensively, which ultimately leads to a faster achievement of the result.
However, the big problem is that there is no such steroid that would include all these properties. For example, Deca-Durabolin or as it is also called simply “Deca” prevents catabolic processes and due to this, it keeps the muscle mass from destruction during long and intensive training. He has no other properties. Therefore, in order to cover the entire above-described complex of steroids, you need to take not only the “Deco”, but also several other types of steroids. Plus, to make anabolic steroids “work” at full strength, athletes will be forced to train at the limit of their abilities with a frenzied intensity, which is far from everyone can do …
Side Effects of Anabolic Steroids
If everything were so smooth and the anabolics carried only useful properties, huge guys among us would be much more. After all, steroids really work and can bring phenomenal results to athletes, but there is also a downside to the coin.
Now the use of steroids is a prerogative, a professional sport, where athletes risk, and sometimes even purposefully sacrifice their health for great victories and world glory. In amateur bodybuilding, and in any other power sport, the use of steroids in most cases is unjustified and is a consequence of human greed and stupidity. Everybody wants to get everything right away, but often they have to pay for their own health.
See also: Training program “Bodybuilding for All”
So, what is the dark side of the use of steroids? What unpleasant consequences await athletes who decide to take a course in sports pharmacology?
The most common pobochka, which contains anabolic steroids – is a slow, but true destruction of the liver. Further, the list continues such an unpleasant fact as the violation of sexual desire and the development of the body’s own testosterone. This is justified by the fact that the sex glands first slow down the “production processes” of the male hormone, since more than enough of it comes from the outside, along with steroids. And then completely stop their work and very often, even after the end of taking steroids, their work is not restored.
Further, one can observe the appearance of cardiac arrhythmia and an increase in blood pressure. Along with this, the level of cholesterol in the blood also increases, which in turn can cause the formation of thrombi and further death in the event of their separation.
Often the use of steroids is accompanied by the appearance of acne and acne on the skin of the face and back, a change in the timbre of voice and increased aggression. In men, it can be observed such a phenomenon as gynecomastia, that is, the growth of the mammary glands, and in women – baldness and coarsening of the voice.
In general, in fact, the unpleasant consequences from the use of steroids can be much greater. Above, only the main ones are listed.
The positive effects of steroids
Initially, steroids were used for therapeutic purposes. Indications for pharmacotherapy with anabolic drugs:
- Depletion in oncopathologies and HIV / AIDS
- Prolonged treatment with radiotherapy, cytostatics or corticosteroids
- Recovering from operations or infections
- Diabetes mellitus
- Cirrhosis therapy of the liver
- Styoporesis and muscle disorders
Among the positive effects of anabolics, there are:
- Increased appetite and weight gain
- Stimulation of tissue regeneration
- Strengthening bone
- Increased muscle
- Reduced fat percentage
- Improving endurance and performance
- Stimulation competitive behavior
- Acceleration formation of erythrocytes
- Improved microcirculation bodies
- Increasing oxygen level in cells
The use of anabolic in sports allows you to quickly achieve results, increase muscle mass, improve performance and endurance. Correctly selected drug will not harm the body and will not provoke the development of pobochek. The positive dynamics of the results of training, the rapid increase in muscle mass and strength are best achieved by the course use of steroids.